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September 28, 2016

Inferior Vena Cava Filters in Trauma Patients—For Whom the Benefit Tolls?

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Trauma and General Surgery, University of Pittsburgh and Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
JAMA Surg. Published online September 28, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.3121

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and subsequent pulmonary embolism represent a major source of morbidity and mortality.1 Trauma patients are a population with a variety of risk factors for the development of VTE, coupled with potential complicating injuries that may prevent the use of pharmacologic prophylaxis. Therefore, insertion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) filter, with inherent risks and complications, has become a controversial method, with expectations to prevent pulmonary embolism but not necessarily deep vein thrombosis.

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