Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and subsequent pulmonary embolism represent a major source of morbidity and mortality.1 Trauma patients are a population with a variety of risk factors for the development of VTE, coupled with potential complicating injuries that may prevent the use of pharmacologic prophylaxis. Therefore, insertion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) filter, with inherent risks and complications, has become a controversial method, with expectations to prevent pulmonary embolism but not necessarily deep vein thrombosis.
Waltz P, Zuckerbraun BS. Inferior Vena Cava Filters in Trauma Patients—For Whom the Benefit Tolls?. JAMA Surg. Published online September 28, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.3121