Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) are evidence-based multidisciplinary clinical pathways. They are not any one particular intervention; rather, they are clinical care bundles that incorporate multiple evidence-based care processes encompassing all aspects of perioperative care for a particular procedure (Table). Initially developed for colorectal surgery, a litany of studies supporting the use of enhanced recovery concepts has also been published for a wide variety of surgical procedures, including hepatic, thoracic, pancreatic, orthopedic, urologic, and other procedures.
Lee L, Feldman LS. Improving Surgical Value and Culture Through Enhanced Recovery Programs. JAMA Surg. Published online January 18, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5056