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Comment & Response
February 1, 2017

Persistent Opioid Use After Major Surgery—Reply

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2Pain Research Unit, Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 3Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
JAMA Surg. Published online February 1, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5656

In Reply Ruan and colleagues raise several important issues regarding our recent research letter,1 namely the definition of persistent postoperative opioid use, the extent to which these results differ from the related literature,24 and the potential for patients having received opioid prescriptions from health care professionals other than their surgeons.

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