From the article “Association Between Smoking Status, Preoperative Exhaled Carbon Monoxide Levels, and Postoperative Surgical Site Infection in Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery,” by Nolan and colleagues,1 in this issue of JAMA Surgery, comes a powerful message: among smokers, smoking on the day of elective surgery is associated with an increased rate of surgical site infection (SSI). Therefore, refraining from smoking on the day of surgery might decrease the risk of an SSI. Indeed, the data are compelling: the risk of an SSI almost doubles if the patient smokes on the day of surgery. The key question, which remains unanswered, is whether this increased risk is sufficient cause to cancel an operation.
Alverdy JC, Prachand V. Smoking and Postoperative Surgical Site InfectionWhere There’s Smoke, There’s Fire. JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5706