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Comment & Response
March 8, 2017

Self-Efficacy as a Measure of Confidence

Author Affiliations
  • 1Section of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri
JAMA Surg. Published online March 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.0035

To the Editor I enjoyed reading Dr Elfenbein’s review on confidence among surgery residents.1 Elfenbein summarizes the currently available data and describes the limitations to interpreting these data. Specifically, she notes that there are a number of varying definitions of confidence that make the data difficult to interpret. She also suggests that perhaps confidence is not the appropriate construct to measure; rather, she proposes studying self-efficacy.

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