Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard criterion for treatment of symptomatic gallbladder lithiasis in developed countries. No doubt about its advantages has been raised, and although biliary tract injuries are higher when compared with the open approach, they have no statistical significance. For developing countries (ie, most of the countries of the world), there is no information available whether cholecystectomies are always done through the laparoscopic route.
Orozco H, Mercado MA. Invited Critique: Minicholecystectomy. Arch Surg. 1999;134(3):310. doi:10.1001/archsurg.134.3.310