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Surgical Anatomy
May 2000

May 2000

Arch Surg. 2000;135(5):563. doi:10.1001/archsurg.135.5.563

The blood supply to the head of the pancreas comes from the branches of the gastroduodenal artery which divide into the superior, posterior, and anterior pancreaticoduodenal arteries (celiac axis). Additional blood supply to the pancreatic head comes from the superior mesenteric artery branches (inferior, posterior, and anterior branches of the pancreaticoduodenal arteries). The arterial supply to the body and tail of the pancreas is as follows: the dorsal pancreatic artery from the splenic artery branches and joins a branch from the SMA to form the inferior pancreatic artery. Multiple branches from the splenic artery, along with the inferior pancreatic artery, supply the tail of the pancreas.1

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