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Operative Technique
October 2000

Isolated Resection of Segment 8 for Liver TumorsA New Approach for Anatomical Segmentectomy

Arch Surg. 2000;135(10):1224-1229. doi:10.1001/archsurg.135.10.1224

Hypothesis  Isolated resection of segment 8 (the right anterosuperior liver segment) is one of the most difficult hepatectomies to perform because of the location of segment 8, the relation between section 8 and the main intrahepatic vessels, and the absence of any anatomical landmarks. The few reports that deal with isolated resection of section 8 generally describe the use of a deep wedge transparenchymal transection.

Design  Original surgical technique.

Patients and Methods  The proposed technique is based on the extraparenchymal isolation and temporary clamping of the right anterior artery and portal branches, causing ischemic demarcation on the liver surface, which corresponds to the anatomical borders of the right paramedian segments (5 and 8). The liver is widely transected along the main hepatic fissure; then the pedicles of segment 8 are selectively ligated inside the parenchyma, and the resection is accomplished. This technique was used in 10 patients: 5 with hepatocellular carcinoma on cirrhosis and 5 with liver metastases.

Results  The mean operation time was 253 minutes. Intraoperative blood loss was minimal in all cases, and 7 patients did not require blood transfusion. Slight complications developed in 3 patients, and there was no operative death. The mean hospital stay was 9.3 days.

Conclusions  This operative procedure is safe and ensures a complete anatomical resection of segment 8. The wide opening of the liver parenchyma facilitates hemostasis and makes it possible to obtain a correct resection margin. This technique is recommended for limited metastatic lesions located in segment 8 or for hepatocellular carcinoma arising in a cirrhotic liver.