The University of Vermont (UVM) was chartered in 1791 in Burlington and started holding undergraduate courses in 1802, at which time there were 5 medical schools in the United States: the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia; 1765), Columbia University (New York, NY; 1767), Harvard University (Boston, Mass; 1782), Dartmouth College (Hanover, NH; 1798), and Transylvania University (Lexington, Ky; 1799). An MD degree was not considered essential, and most physicians trained by the apprentice method.
Pilcher DB. The Department of Surgery, University of Vermont College of Medicine. Arch Surg. 2006;141(4):337-339. doi:10.1001/archsurg.141.4.337