The history of surgery at the New York Hospital, New York, the second oldest hospital in the United States, reflects the evolution of surgery in America.1 The New York Hospital was the cradle of early surgical developments and instruction in America, earning a worldwide reputation of success. Many of today's practices and techniques arose from this institution.
The New York Hospital was established during the Revolutionary War era following a speech made by Dr Samuel Bard in 1769. The importance of clinical practice, teaching, and research, the underpinnings of modern academic medicine, was stressed early on by Dr Bard. King George III chartered the hospital in 1771, and Samuel Bard was the first attending physician.2
Fahey TJ. Department of Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital–Weill Cornell Medical Center. Arch Surg. 2006;141(5):435-436. doi:10.1001/archsurg.141.5.435