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The Makuuchi or J incision completely exposes the liver and right-sided retroperitoneal organs. The modified Makuuchi incision also achieves a superb en face view of critical structures, including the hepatocaval junction and the esophageal hiatus, but does not divide the intercostal muscles, thus reducing muscle atrophy and postoperative pain. This incision also offers significant advantages over other incisions commonly used in foregut surgery. We describe herein the use of the modified Makuuchi incision for foregut procedures, with particular emphasis on strategic retractor placement.
Chang SB, Palavecino M, Wray CJ, Kishi Y, Pisters PWT, Vauthey J. Modified Makuuchi Incision for Foregut Procedures. Arch Surg. 2010;145(3):281-284. doi:10.1001/archsurg.2010.7