Skarsgard and Albanese retrospectively review their experience at 2 university hospitals over a 5-year period. They report the largest series, consisting of 20 pediatric patients who underwent a total of 21 attempted LAs. Of note, 14 of the resected adrenal glands had benign disease (5 adrenal hyperplasia, 4 nonfunctioning adenoma, 4 ganglioneuroma, and 1 functioning adenoma), 6 had malignant disease (5 neuroblastoma and 1 adrenocortical carcinoma), and 1 had potentially malignant disease (pheochromocytoma).
Schulick RD. The Safety and Efficacy of Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy in Children—Invited Critique. Arch Surg. 2005;140(9):909. doi:10.1001/archsurg.140.9.909