Surgeons often encounter difficulty when constructing a colorectal anastomosis in the “hostile pelvis.” Examples include performing low anterior resection or colostomy takedown in the setting of prior radiation, severe inflammation, or a narrow pelvis. Circular staplers have made low anastomosis a viable alternative to permanent colostomy in these situations. However, the surgeon may occasionally be faced with the difficult decision of how to manage a gross disruption of a stapled anastomosis in a pelvis that will not permit anastomotic redo. The traditional approach to this would be creating a permanent colostomy. We describe an alternate approach: endoscopic suturing with protecting ileostomy. We have successfully applied this technique to 4 patients with gross anastomotic disruption in a hostile pelvis. All patients tolerated the procedure well and have maintained normal bowel function without the need for a permanent colostomy.
Machado GR, Bojalian MO, Reeves ME. Transanal Endoscopic Repair of Rectal Anastomotic Defect. Arch Surg. 2005;140(12):1219-1222. doi:10.1001/archsurg.140.12.1219