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With the exception of lobectomy, surgical intervention in the treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis and many other diseases of the lung has as its objective compression of the lung in part or as a whole. This is done, first, to rest the lung and aid the blood and lymph streams in handling the infection and thus to promote both absorption and scar tissue formation; second, for the obliteration of cavities, lessening infection, absorption and degenerative changes and also to eliminate the danger of hemorrhage through rupture of a blood vessel in a cavity; third, for the promotion of drainage by partial compression of cavities or bronchiectatic sacculation.
Every patient considered for pulmonary collapse must be studied carefully by both internist and surgeon, and a definite plan outlined. We believe all collapse to be selective, and that the judgment used in selection of patients, the type of collapse, time of operation and
COLE DB, JOHNS FS. THERAPEUTIC PULMONARY COLLAPSE. Arch Surg. 1929;19(6):1193–1204. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1929.01150060255014