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June 1937


Arch Surg. 1937;34(6):1072-1087. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1937.01190120098006

Arthroplasty is an operation designed to reestablish a useful range of motion in an ankylosed joint or to increase the mobility in a joint with restricted function. In one form or another it has been used for probably a hundred years, but the results until recently were only occasionally successful, and the operation was performed only by the most adventuresome. In this country the greatest stimulus for its modern application was provided by the careful work, encouraging results and enthusiasm of the late Dr. John B. Murphy. In the last two decades many of the problems of arthroplasty have been solved by the technical improvements evolved by orthopedic surgeons, notably, Allison, Baer, Putti, Campbell, Henderson and MacAusland. There is much work yet to be done in perfecting the operative procedures and in improving the results. But at present one can decide with fair accuracy the type of case in which

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