Tumors within the chest are more often discovered now, since the use of roentgen rays has become frequent. During the past few years more attention has been given to these lesions, since the great progress in thoracic surgery has brought about the possibility that benign intrathoracic tumors, particularly, may be successfully approached and removed.
Prior to the use of modern methods of diagnosis of intrathoracic conditions, many tumors were undiagnosed, and only those coming to autopsy were brought to light. Therefore, few benign intrathoracic tumors were correctly diagnosed during life and recorded in the literature.
Of the benign tumors within the chest which have been reported, many were described as originating from nerve tissue elements or structures adjacent to spinal nerves or the sympathetic nervous chain. Although during the past two decades the subject has received more consideration than before, the literature as yet lacks considerable information that undoubtedly would
LAVENDER H, PRENTICE HR. INTRATHORACIC NEUROFIBROMAA BRIEF REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND REPORT OF ONE CASE. Arch Surg. 1940;40(5):973-983. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1940.04080040155014