Maldescent of the testis is fairly common; the incidence ranges from 0.2 to 1.02 per cent of the adult male population.1 Many theories have been evolved and propounded in an effort to explain the causation of this abnormality. These have been summarized and analyzed by several authors.2
Many operative procedures for the correction of cryptorchidism have been described. All consist in: (1) lengthening those structures attached to the testis, such as the vas deferens and the blood vessels, so that the testis can be placed in the scrotum and (2) retaining the testis in the scrotum after it has been brought down. Surgeons agree that the cord must be lengthened in order that the testis may be placed in the scrotum. However, there are several differences in the methods of retaining the testicle in the scrotum once it has been placed there.
The more commonly used methods of
ABRAHAMSON RH. COMBINED SURGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGIC TREATMENT OF CRYPTORCHIDISMDESCRIPTION OF AN OPERATIVE PROCEDURE. Arch Surg. 1942;44(1):170-186. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1942.01210190173020