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August 1944

PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1943 A REVIEW PREPARED BY AN EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEONSIII. INFANTILE PARALYSIS

Author Affiliations

WARM SPRINGS, GA.

Arch Surg. 1944;49(2):132-146. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1944.01230020137009
Abstract

Approximately three hundred articles on the various problems connected with poliomyelitis are listed in the Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus for 1943. The majority of these are concerned with laboratory experiments with small animals, problems in epidemiology and transmission and physical therapy, owing to the stimulation of the work of Miss Kenny. A great many articles are repetitious. I have chosen only those reports which I felt would be most appropriate and interesting. It is obvious that space could not be allotted for fair abstracting of all the fine work described in the various scientific journals for the past year.

Causation, Transmission and Epidemiology.  —Rosenow,48 of the Mayo Clinic, holds the hypothesis that the causative agent of poliomyelitis is a pleomorphic streptococcus. He has consistently isolated a specific type of streptococcus from the stools of patients having epidemic poliomyelitis. Virus virulent for mice was obtained from stools, and the

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