The large increase in the number of pilonidal cysts coming to our attention for treatment, due to the concentration of military personnel, has stimulated a renewal of interest in this seemingly benign anomaly. Since the prime objective of a medical officer is to return every soldier to active service as soon as possible, the methods of treatment of this condition have entered the field of essential discussion and analysis.
Aside from the apparent increase in pilonidal infections resulting from military concentrations, there appears to be an actual increase in the number of infections in young men of the most vital military age group. Station and general hospitals frequently have special wards for these patients, and the length of hospitalization is an important factor, particularly in time of war. The physical strain and trauma resulting from necessary wartime training have caused many benign pilonidal sinuses to become infected and require treatment
FELMUS LB, WOODS CC, SPRONG DH. PILONIDAL CYSTS. Arch Surg. 1944;49(5):316-320. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1944.01230020325002