SINCE the existence of a nonspecific form of mesenteric adenitis has been recognized for many years, much has been written about it. The significance of this condition rests primarily in the role which it assumes in the diagnosis of an acute condition within the abdomen, particularly in children. Inasmuch as it is one of the most frequent conditions encountered by the general or pediatric surgeon, this study was undertaken in an attempt to correlate the existing knowledge of this entity, to place the pathogenesis on a somewhat firmer basis, to present the results of an investigation of a possible virus etiology and to review the condition as it occurred clinically over a five year period at the Children's Hospital, Washington, D. C.
Enlargement of mesenteric lymph nodes has been recognized as contributing to the difficulties of diagnosis of abdominal conditions from the time of Hodgkin.1 The first
MADIGAN HS, COFFEY RJ. NONSPECIFIC MESENTERIC ADENITIS. Arch Surg. 1950;60(6):1122-1139. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1950.01250011147009