WITH the development of anesthesiology as a specialty have come many advances both in the pharmacologic sphere and in technics of administration of agents. In pediatric anesthesia, improvements in technic have been slower to appear, possibly because the familiar "open drop ether" method over many years apparently has satisfied the demands of both surgeon and anesthetist. Recently, however, the scope of pediatric surgery has broadened and the trained anesthetist has realized certain limitations inherent in the open drop method. Now many infants enter the hospital for surgery about the head and neck, and for these the anesthetist must shift his position from the head of the table to make room for the surgeon.
Thoracic operations in early childhood are frequent, and some method must be employed which facilitates intermittent positive pressure and provides adequate oxygen. The necessity of an absolutely patent airway is receiving increasing thought among those who are
SLATER HM, STEPHEN CR. ANESTHESIA FOR INFANTS AND CHILDRENThe Nonrebreathing Technic. AMA Arch Surg. 1951;62(2):251-259. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1951.01250030256007