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April 1954

ADVANCES IN SURGERY OF THE NEWBORNReport of Seventy-One Cases, Years 1942 and 1952

Author Affiliations

From the University of Southern California School of Medicine and the Los Angeles Childrens Hospital.

AMA Arch Surg. 1954;68(4):546-556. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1954.01260050548019

AN ACTIVE infants ward has been maintained at the Childrens Hospital, in Los Angeles, since 1927. Two sample years, a decade apart, were chosen for study. There were 15 newborn babies, or those under two weeks of age, who received surgical treatment in the first period and 56 in the second, a total of 71. These cases have been given special study, and the statistics on infant admissions during these two periods have been collected. It was found that the percentage of newborns in this hospital population has not increased (Fig. 1). However, the percentage of these tiny infants receiving surgical treatment has doubled (Fig. 2) and the mortality following surgical therapy has been almost halved (Fig. 3). An analysis of the factors responsible for this striking change is of interest to those surgeons who may occasionally be called upon to operate upon the newborn.

Advances in this field of

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