August 1955

Nasal Gliomas

Author Affiliations

Durham, N. C.
From the Division of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Duke University School of Medicine and Duke Hospital; National Cancer Trainee (Dr. Altany).

AMA Arch Surg. 1955;71(2):275-278. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1955.01270140123023

Congenital tumors of the nose and nasal region composed of or containing glial tissue are quite rare. The most recent reports on nasal gliomas were published in 1950 by Cuthbert,1 Miller and Neidardt,2 and Black and Smith.3 This paucity of reports may be due to the lack of a clear concept of the nature of these tumors. Although nasal glioma is the name most frequently applied, such terms as glioma or astrocytoma,4 fibroglioma,5 encephaloma,6 encephalo choristoma-naso-frontalis,7 and encephalocele8 have been used. While these tumors may occur in or on any part of the nose, the dorsum below the glabella is the most frequent site. Nasal gliomas are classified into three groups: extranasal, intranasal, and mixed types.4 The extranasal type is the commonest. It causes the greatest visible facial deformity in the infant.

PATHOGENESIS  There has been marked divergence of opinion concerning

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