February 1956

The Hormonal Cause of the So-Called Varicose Veins of Pregnancy

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Endocrinology, Medicine, and Surgery (Samuel D. Gross Division), Jefferson Medical College and Hospital.

AMA Arch Surg. 1956;72(2):253-261. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1956.01270200069013

Many aspects of superficial varicose veins of the lower extremities complicating pregnancy have been controversial.* The present study offers explanations for some of the controversies.

The superficial venous disorders of the lower extremities during pregnancy have universally been identified as the classical superficial saphenous varicosities. We recently differentiated from the well-known saphenous varix a hitherto undescribed, completely different, superficial venous disorder which is limited to the pregnant state.1 We applied to it the term "angiectid." †

A review of the literature indicated that the failure to differentiate the angiectid from the saphenous varix in the past was the cause for many of the controversies. This shortcoming is unexplainable because the two

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