The later decades of life are commonly those associated with malignant disease of the head and neck. The development in recent times of antibiotics and the widespread utilization of prophylaxis in the modification or prevention of the contagious diseases of childhood have resulted in a major change in the nature of the disorders producing pediatric morbidity and mortality. No longer do the infectious diseases and their complications occupy the preeminent role as the cause of death in infants and children. At the present time, exclusive of accidents, malignant neoplastic disease results in more deaths in the 4- to 15-year age group than any other single cause.
Just as tumor problems in general are more widely recognized as a critical source of pediatric disease, tumors in the regional area above the clavicles also are surpassing in importance certain of the more benign problems. A critical reevaluation of such disease in the
SOUTHWICK HW, SLAUGHTER DP, MAJARAKIS JD. Malignant Disease of the Head and Neck in Childhood. AMA Arch Surg. 1959;78(5):678-687. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1959.04320050010002