Tracheal fenestration1-5 is a new operative procedure for the treatment of chronic respiratory diseases. It is a skin-lined cervical tracheocutaneous communication equipped with two door-like skin valves at its external end. The valves can be opened at will for the purpose of tracheobronchial aspiration and medication, or self-aspiration and self-medication. When the valves are not held apart, the tracheocutaneous communication is airtight and leakproof; phonation and the cough mechanism remain normal. The purpose of this paper is to present the detailed surgical technique of tracheal fenestration, based on experience with 26 cases.
A 4 in. long transverse skin incision is made over the lower anterior surface of the neck, about the level of the cricoid cartilage. This incision is then extended in such a way that one skin flap is outlined above, and one below, the level of the initial transverse incision. The base of each opposing
ROCKEY EE. Detailed Surgical Technique of Tracheal Fenestration, with a Report of Twenty-Six Cases. AMA Arch Surg. 1959;79(6):875-888. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1959.04320120017003