There have been scattered, infrequent reports of cases of mesenteric cysts in the literature. Because of the rarity of this condition, few authors have gathered much individual experience. Burnett1 reported in 1950 a total of 93 cases of mesenteric cysts of the small-bowel mesentery. Of these cases 25% were present in patients under 10 years of age. Other investigators3,4 have found an equal distribution in age incidence. Gross2 reported his experience in 1953 from the Boston Children's Hospital, which totaled 11 cases. Steinreich5 reported in 1955 his experience with eight cases, over a 10-year period.
A mesenteric cyst is congenital in origin, and is caused by aberrant embryonic lymph tissue, which develops into a cyst filled with either serous, clear, or milky fluid. The wall of the cyst is thin. Viewed microscopically, the connective tissue is found to be lined by endothelial cells.
These cysts grow
FREDELL CH. Mesenteric CystsReport of Two Cases. AMA Arch Surg. 1960;80(4):591-592. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1960.01290210059012