In 1939 Mondor1 described the clinical and pathological features of a benign, selflimited phlebitis and periphlebitis of superficial veins on the anterior chest wall. He originally used the term "angeitis" and later identified the pathology as a thrombophlebitis,2 confirming the clinical impression of Shields,3 Fiessinger and Mathieu,4 and Daniels.5 Since Mondor's original paper the eponym, Mondor's disease, has been used commonly.
Although there are fewer than 200 cases reported, Mondor's disease is probably of common clinical occurrence. Farrow6 reported 43 patients, of whom 18 were seen in one year, and Adair7 saw 26 patients with the disease in eight years. The clinical features are clearly diagnostic. The occurrence of pain and the presence of a tender, subcutaneous linear cord in the distribution of the superficial veins of the anterolateral chest wall or upper abdomen make the diagnosis. The presence of cellulitis, abscesses, or
CASTLETON KB, CLOUD RS, WARD JR. Anterior Chest Wall—Superficial ThrombophlebitisMondor's Disease. Arch Surg. 1964;88(6):1010-1012. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1964.01310240106019