LEIOMYOSARCOMAS are not an unusual malignant tumor. Their wide distribution in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract, as well as in the soft tissues of the body, is well known. The occurrence of these neoplasms having their origin from the wall of a major or even minor venous trunk is rare, as a review of the literature has shown. Because of this, we wish to report a case from the anterior jugular and communicating vein which recurred in four years to involve the internal jugular vein on the left side.
Historically Perl16 is credited with the first recording of a leiomyosarcoma arising from a major vein. In 1871 he reported a myosarcoma in the inferior vena cava. Since Abell's1 report everyone agrees that this was a leiomyosarcoma. Haug and Losli9 in 1954 presented a case of leiomyosarcoma of the femoral vein and reviewed the literature including reported cases
CHEEK JH, NICKEY WM. Leiomyosarcoma of Venous Origin. Arch Surg. 1965;90(3):396–400. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1965.01320090074017