March 1966

Daniel Drake and His Friends on Medical Education

Author Affiliations

From the Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto.

Arch Surg. 1966;92(3):428-444. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1966.01320210108024

". . . far and away, the most important contributions ever made to the subject in this country."

Fielding H. Garrison, 1929

Daniel Drake was an unusual man. From 1800 until his death, he practiced medicine in Cincinnati, Lexington, and Louisville; held eleven professorships in seven medical schools—founded three; established hospitals, libraries, and museums; explored ceaselessly the Interior Valley, from Mackinac to the Gulf; and wrote extensively of many things, medical education among them.

His impatience with conditions he encountered allowed him admirers but few friends among his colleagues—"a man at war with himself," someone wrote. He was nonetheless, "a doctor and gentleman," whose breath of freshness, in some incarnate way, still lives vividly in the minds and hearts of many. His analyses were astute, offering solutions to existing problems as well as the means to avoid others that he foresaw. Drake was an idealist in a pragmatic world that required nearly a

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