THROMBOSIS of the axillary and subclavian veins is a rare entity. In the statistical compilation by Barker et al of thromboembolic disease seen at the Mayo Clinic,1 thrombosis of deep veins of the upper extremity represented only 1.7% of 1,260 cases. In a recent assessment by us of 2,400 episodes of deep venous thrombosis recognized over a 15-year interval, thrombosis of deep veins of the arm constituted 1.3% of the total. The largest single group of cases we have encountered in the medical literature is a series of 46 patients reported by Veal and Hussey in 19432; these individuals received no specific therapy.
During the course of summarizing the results of anticoagulant therapy of deep venous thrombosis at our institution, we were impressed with a prognosis more favorable than expected2,3 in 33 patients with deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity who received anticoagulants for treatment of
Coon WW, Willis PW. Thrombosis of Axillary and Subclavian Veins. Arch Surg. 1967;94(5):657-663. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1967.01330110073010