In a series of 2,988 operations for duodenal ulcer, wound disruption occurred in 67, or 2.2%. Disruption occurred more frequently in the older age groups and in those who had emergency operation for hemorrhage (6.2%). Wound infection, pneumonia, and intestinal obstruction were factors in disruption. The death rate in those who had wound disruption was 11.9%.
Mendoza CB, Postlethwait RW, Clarkstown , Morgantown , Johnson WD. II. Incidence of Wound Disruption Following Operation. Arch Surg. 1970;101(3):396-398. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1970.01340270044012