A femoral-axillary bypass graft was done for complicated brachiocephalic obstruction with cerebral vascular insufficiency. It appears to be an effective method for managing problems of cerebrovascular insufficiency, which enables one to avoid thoracotomy when a source of blood flow in the neck is not available.
Sproul G. Femoral-Axillary Bypass for Cerebral Vascular Insufficiency. Arch Surg. 1971;103(6):746-747. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1971.01350120110020