Venobronchial fistula, a rare complication of long-term parenteral hyperalimentation is described. The complication was successfully treated by partial withdrawal of the silicone elastomer catheter into a fresh central venous channel. Slowly progressive thrombosis and necrosis along the course of the silicone elastomer catheter is suggested as the cause of the fistula.
Brennan MF, Sugarbaker PH, Moore FD. Venobronchial FistulaA Rare Complication of Central Venous Catheterization for Parenteral Hyperalimentation. Arch Surg. 1973;106(6):871-872. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1973.01350180103030