A 58-year-old man suffered massive, life-threatening hemoptysis secondary to cavitary tuberculosis. Silicone elastomer augmentation mammoplasty prostheses were inserted for cavitary collapse and as an urgent measure to control hemoptysis, with use of the well-known technique of extracostal subperiosteal plombage. Hemoptysis was controlled, and a 12-month follow-up indicates excellent stability of the plombage without recurrence of the hemoptysis and no evidence of infection.
Mayer JH, Moore JD, Gago O. Silicone Elastomer Plombage for Severe Hemoptysis. Arch Surg. 1973;107(1):101-103. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1973.01350190083024