October 1973

An Electrically Safe Surgical Environment

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Education and Research, Division of Anesthesiology, the Cleveland Clinic.

Arch Surg. 1973;107(4):567-573. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1973.01350220047012

The simple physical laws that govern the flow of electrical current are explained so that the reader can understand the vital importance of protecting against microshock whereby a current as small as 0.1 ma can cause ventricular fibrillation. Nine concrete instructions for insuring the safe electrical environment are presented and the legal complications discussed.