The simple physical laws that govern the flow of electrical current are explained so that the reader can understand the vital importance of protecting against microshock whereby a current as small as 0.1 ma can cause ventricular fibrillation. Nine concrete instructions for insuring the safe electrical environment are presented and the legal complications discussed.
Dornette WHL. An Electrically Safe Surgical Environment. Arch Surg. 1973;107(4):567-573. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1973.01350220047012