Two patients with tracheoesophageal fistula are reported. The first patient developed a recognizable fistula two days after a car accident. Evidence is strong that the second patient developed his fistula following blunt trauma 24 years previously. Both were cured by surgical division of the fistula. A review of the literature indicates that when this rare complication of blunt chest trauma is recognized and treated surgically the results are usually successful.
Antkowiak JG, Cohen ML, Kyllonen AS. Tracheoesophageal Fistula Following Blunt Trauma. Arch Surg. 1974;109(4):529-531. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1974.01360040047012