Esophagogastric fistula developed in two patients following operations combining fundoplication and other operative procedures on the esophagus. To our knowledge, this complication has not been previously reported or described. Accurate endoscopy and appropriate barium roentgenographic studies provided the definitive diagnosis. A second reconstruction was successful in one patient; conservative treatment was sufficient in the other.
Mullen JT, Burke EL, Diamond AB. Esophagogastric FistulaA Complication of Combined Operations for Esophageal Disease. Arch Surg. 1975;110(7):826-828. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1975.01360130058012