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August 1975

Renal Trauma During Laparotomy for Intra-abdominal Injury

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Urology, St. Paul-Ramsey Hospital, St. Paul. Read before the 32nd annual meeting of the Central Surgical Association, Chicago, Feb 28, 1975.

Arch Surg. 1975;110(8):950-953. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1975.01360140094019

The advantages of nonsurgical or surgical management of renal injuries are important when the renal trauma is found during a laparotomy for intra-abdominal injury. Blunt external trauma caused 85.5% of the renal injuries found during laparotomy in 194 patients.

A large dose or infusion intravenous pyelogram on a modified operating table has allowed immediate evaluation of the renal Injury during a laparotomy.

When the degree of renal injury was more severe, renal tissue and function were saved by early surgical management. In this group, lowered morbidity and a sharp reduction in delayed renal operations followed the introduction of immediate surgical management. The nephrectomy rate was 11%, which compares favorably with that of nonsurgical management.

Clamping of the renal vessels prior to opening Gerota fascia prevented reactivation of hemorrhage and allowed for a deliberate operation with conservation of undamaged renal tissue.