• For 53 patients with toxic recurrent goiter (TRG), the interval between thyroidectomy and recurrent hyperthyroidism ranged from six months to 50 years (average, 12.4 ± 11.9 years). Recurrent hyperthyroidism may occur in older patients for whom cardiac decompensation may be the initial manifestation. Reports on surgically treated hyperthyroid patients may underestimate the incidence of TRG unless follow-up is extended for many years.
(Arch Surg 111:91-92, 1976)
Hamburger JI. Recurrent Hyperthyroidism After Thyroidectomy. Arch Surg. 1976;111(1):91-92. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1976.01360190093023