• Recurrent variceal hemorrhages are demonstrated following a technically successful Warren shunt. Serial barium esophagrams show the progressive enlargement of distal esophageal varices. Results of celiac arteriograms and direct examination confirmed the patency of the distal splenorenal shunt. Hemorrhage from varices was shown by fiberoptic esophagoscopy; end-to-side portacaval anastomosis reduced portal pressure and stopped the bleeding.
(Arch Surg 111:587-589, 1976)
Carlson RE, Ehrenfeld WK. Recurrent Variceal Hemorrhage Following Successful Warren Shunt. Arch Surg. 1976;111(5):587-589. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1976.01360230087018