• Dilation of peptic esophageal strictures visually controlled by means of fiberoptic endoscopy was carried out in 16 patients. The dilation was performed by passing the woven silk bougies alongside the endoscope, so that the process could be observed in detail. The technique affords a better view of the procedure because of a wider visual angle and because the field of vision is not blocked by the bougie, as would be the case with the rigid endoscope. The size of the bougie employed is not limited by the size of the endoscope. All 16 patients, with and without subsequently undergoing Nissen fundoplication, were able to eat a normal diet after therapy.
(Arch Surg 111:795-798, 1976)
Chung RSK, Safaie-Shirazi S, Denbesten L. Dilation of Esophageal StricturesA New Technique Controlled by Fiberoptic Endoscopy. Arch Surg. 1976;111(7):795-798. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1976.01360250071014