November 1976

Arm Veins for Peripheral Arterial Reconstruction

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Surgery, St Thomas Hospital and Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn.

Arch Surg. 1976;111(11):1276-1280. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1976.01360290110017

• The ipsilateral saphenous vein has become accepted as the best available material for femoropopliteal bypass and for arterial patch grafts as well as for visceral and cardiac bypasses. However, in a few patients, nonavailability or nonsuitability of the saphenous vein forces use of some other material.

We report an experience with 32 operations using arm veins. Among the 11 long vein grafts, seven composite vein-Dacron or vein-vein grafts, and 14 vein patch grafts during the past six years, there were no infections or aneurysms and only nine thrombotic failures have been detected to date, to our knowledge.

Our present indications are (1) ipsilateral saphenous vein is not available or is not suitable, (2) only a short graft or patch is needed and the saphenous vein may therefore be saved for the future, (3) to join to a saphenous graft or to a Dacron composite graft for additional length, and (4) to reconstruct an arm artery. Our experiences using cephalic and basilic veins confirms them as a useful source of autogenous material for arterial reconstruction.

(Arch Surg 111:1276-1280, 1976)