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To create this unusual book, 30 authors from 12 countries submitted 27 chapters on venous diseases, primarily of the lower extremity. The title mentions treatment, but some sections are devoted appropriately to etiology, anatomy, and diagnosis. As one would expect, an arrangement involving contributions from a variety of authors causes overlap in subject matter. But, as done here, it is by no means objectionable and this is what makes the book unusual. The reader learns something important from knowing that the attitudes and practices of different countries really address themselves to similar pathologic concepts. For instance, although the various tests for venous incompetence of the lower extremity are performed differently by different persons, they all simply attempt to give numerical expression to the Perthes test for competence of the "venous heart." Many more varied assessments of blood pressure and flow have been developed than I had been aware of. Venography
WARREN R. The Treatment of Venous Disorders. Arch Surg. 1977;112(12):1510. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1977.01370120100022