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May 1978

Excision of Pulmonary and Renal AspergillomasIts Use in Treating Chronic Granulomatous Disease of Childhood

Author Affiliations

From the Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine and the Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, Conn.

Arch Surg. 1978;113(5):640-642. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1978.01370170102021

• Renal and pulmonary Aspergillus granulomas in two 6-year-old boys with chronic granulomatous disease were treated by nephrectomy and lobectomy as well as intravenous amphotericin B and granulocyte transfusion. After lobectomy two smaller pulmonary aspergillomas resolved with medical therapy. The second child's condition improved after nephrectomy, but he died with disseminated Aspergillus infection. This experience suggests that surgical excision of localized Aspergillus granulomas in conjunction with specific antimicrobial therapy provides temporary clinical improvement and may prevent further blood-borne dissemination of the fungus.

(Arch Surg 113:640-642, 1978)