• Patients who sustain fracture of either the first or second rib have severe injuries usually involving multiple systems. In comparing 71 patients with first rib fractures and 49 patients with second rib fractures, we found morbidity and mortality to be similar. A multidisciplinary approach to management of these patients is described and vigorous diagnostic and therapeutic measures are warranted to promptly determine the extent of injury and minimize the frequency of missed diagnosis.
(Arch Surg 113:846-849, 1978)
Wilson JM, Thomas AN, Goodman PC, Lewis FR. Severe Chest TraumaMorbidity Implication of First and Second Rib Fracture in 120 Patients. Arch Surg. 1978;113(7):846-849. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1978.01370190068011