• Grafts of expanded 30-μ fibril length polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) were inserted as segmental femoral vein replacements in nine dogs. The contralateral femoral vein served as a control, receiving a graft from each dog's right external jugular vein. Graft patency was monitored for 24 weeks postoperatively with serial venograms and venous pressures of the operated limbs. All expanded PTFE grafts and one autogenous graft thrombosed within 24 to 48 hours. Significant venous hypertension in the extremities receiving the PTFE grafts persisted for six months.
(Arch Surg 114:939-943, 1979)
Faulkner RT, Cowan GSM, Rothouse L. Early Failure of Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene in Femoral Vein Replacement. Arch Surg. 1979;114(8):939-943. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1979.01370320071013