This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
This is a scholarly monograph on the bronchial tree, beautifully illustrated by the authors' extensive experience with bronchography. Their intent is to show that the bronchogram is to pulmonary disease as the angiogram is to vascular disease. In my opinion, they have accomplished their objective in a lucid and artistic manner.
The contents are arranged in seven parts. The first is a very brief history of technical developments that have led to the present state of the art. The second deals with the indications (chronic bronchitis, chronic and recurrent pneumonia, hemoptysis, opacities and ring images, and certain peripheral lesions) and the limited contraindications. The third outlines in detail the radiologic and manipulative techniques involved in bronchography and bronchial brushing, and includes an informative section on bronchial dynamics that is further illustrated in subsequent parts. The fourth part is a beautifully illustrated review of normal bronchial anatomy, and the fifth deals
TOOLE AL. Selective Bronchography and Bronchial Brushing. Arch Surg. 1980;115(3):354. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1980.01380030096027