• Placement of metallic filters into the inferior vena cava for the prevention of pulmonary embolism has become a popular procedure that has reportedly little morbidity. The present case describes the misplacement of a Kim-Ray Greenfield filter into the right atrium and the subsequent successful removal of the device without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass.
(Arch Surg 115:1133, 1980)
Akins CW, Thurer RL, Waltman AC, Margolies MN, Schneider RC. A Misplaced Caval FilterIts Removal From the Heart Without Cardiopulmonary Bypass. Arch Surg. 1980;115(9):1133. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1980.01380090097024