• One thousand nine hundred seventeen consecutive carotid artery operations were performed in which the carotid artery was clamped for as long as necessary to accomplish a revascularization procedure. Those patients adversely affected by failure to use a shunt were identified. Results of a statistical analysis of stroke morbidity when compared with the literature show that the use of an intraoperative temporary shunt does not offer improved results in carotid artery surgery.
(Arch Surg 115:1393-1399, 1980)
Whitney DG, Kahn EM, Estes JW, Jones CE. Carotid Artery Surgery Without a Temporary Indwelling Shunt1,917 Consecutive Procedures. Arch Surg. 1980;115(11):1393-1399. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1980.01380110125020